Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. In 2008, Zagreb's population was approx. 804,000.
In June 2007 Zagrebacki elektricni tramvaj (ZET), the major transit authority responsible for public transport in Zagreb, began the first phase of a low carbon fuel project that aims to replace the entire fleet with biodiesel busses. In the first phase ten local buses running on pure biodiesel B100 (100% biodiesel) and 100 buses on B5 (5% biodiesel) produced from used cooking oil. In 2008 the second phase of the project started in which 20 public buses began to use B100 and 301 buses B5. In the last phase of the project planned for 2011, 120 buses from ZET’s fleet will be running on B100 and 201 buses will use B5. This will mean that the entire fleet will be running at least partially on biodiesel at either B100 or B5 levels leading to a dramatic reduction in the 10,000 tonnes of mineral diesel being used annually in comparison to 2006. It is hoped that successful use of biofuels in this instance will demonstrate to other public transport operators in neighbouring regions (within the EU and those that are future candidate countries) that it is a practical and sustainable option to pursue. Additional assistance for this investment was provided through the CIVITAS-ELAN programme. The introduction of biodiesel will be conducted gradually in 5 phases.
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