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Luxembourg

Mobility Basic Figures

Geographical Extent
Inhabitants
No. Passenger Cars
No. Road Goods Vehicles
No. Busses/Coaches
Length Road Network
Length
Motorways

Source: EU energy and transport in figures - Statistical pocketbook, 2010

2,586 km²
494,000
329,000 (2008)
34,400 (2008)
1,500 (2008)
2,875 km (2008)
147 km (2008)

Status Quo

According to findings within the EU funded project BEST the total energy consumption in road passenger transport in Luxembourg has grown from 18 PJ in 1985 to 34 PJ in the year 2003. After 2004 it decreased and reached 30 PJ in 2007. The use of liquid biofuels increased to 1,735 TJ in 2008 (in 2003 0TJ). Passenger vehicle stock in Luxembourg has doubled from about 0.15 million cars in 1985 to 0.3 million in 2007. Gasoline cars have had a very large market share of about two-third of the vehicle stock since 1985 compared to one-third of diesel cars and this distribution has remained until today. According to latest Eurostat data (Panorama of Transport 2009) there are no alternative fuel cars or electric cars in Luxemburg (latest available figures of 2004).

The consumption of biofuels was very low with 0,04% in 2006. According to the Ministry of Environment of Luxembourg, the average CO2 emissions of cars in circulation are 11/01/2009 168.5 g / km. Nonetheless, there is a rapid decline in average CO2 emissions of new cars registered each year. The average value for the year 2009 (January to October) amounts to 153.3 g CO2 per km, down 3.9% compared to the average value of newly registered cars in 2008, by 7.6% compared to the average value of 2007. The market share of cars with emissions less than or equal to 120 g / km CO2 rise in 2009-25% of new registrations, more than double in 2007.

Following actual findings of the EU funded COMPRO project, bio-diesel is used by 29% of the bus fleet in Luxemburg. With 8% Luxembourg is a forerunner in the use of hybrid buses compared with the European average. Luxemburg was a partner within the EU funded HyFleet CUTE project for testing hydrogen buses in public transport on large scale (in Luxemburg three hydrogen buses were used in day to day operation as well as one hydrogen refuelling station was build and operated).

Fuelling Infrastructure

The main disadvantage of natural gas in Luxembourg is the comparable thin gas filling station network (LPG). In Luxembourg, there are currently only five filling stations in operation: Findel, Merl, Schifflange, Bascharage and Remerschen. Two other stations are in Lintgen and Wasserbillig currently under construction. An extension of the fuel distribution will give the natural gas in Luxembourg certainly more attraction. The European Environmental Atlas lists 8 refuelling stations for biodiesel. No refuelling facilities for flexifuel E85 and biogas stations are listed. No public recharging plugs for electric vehicles are listed. The hydrogen refuelling station which was build for the HyFleet CUTE is out of operation (see www.h2stations.org)

National Support Instruments for Clean Vehicles

There is a 15% VAT on all types of fuel except LPG with a tax rate of 6%. For gasoline there is an excise tax of 0.4621 EUR/litres, for diesel of 0.2904 EUR/litres and for LPG of 0.1016 EUR/litres. Since 2007 a full tax exemption is granted for biofuel (B100/E100) consumed on the Luxembourg territory. Since 2005 the fuel tax on diesel has increased of about 14%, for gasoline only of about 4.5%. The fuel tax includes a so called “Kyoto-Cent”. For gasoline the Kyoto-Cent is about 2.0 Cent/Litre and for diesel 2.5 Cent/Litre. The income of this financial source is used for the Kyoto-Fund.

Since 1 January 2007 no longer the engine build the basis for calculating the car tax, but the CO2 emission level. The emissions are measured for each car model by all producers according to a uniform and strictly controlled test. This test is known as the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). The car tax for cars, from 1 January 2001 is calculated using the formula: a x b x c

  • a is the CO2 emission rate.
  • b is a multiplier which varies depending on the fuel type: 0.9 for diesel passenger cars / 0.6 for passenger cars with internal combustion engine, which is not driven by diesel.
  • c has the value 0.50 if the CO2 emissions do not exceed the limit of 90 g / km. For each additional fraction of 10 g / km, the value is increased by 0.10, i.e. for 99 g / km would be c = 0.6. The final amount will be finally rounded off.

A tax credit of 50 EUR is granted for a car with a diesel engine, which has entered in the section 46.1 of the conformity certificate, an emission rate of particulate matter up to a maximum of 10 mg/km. This value is almost achieved with a particulate filter. The car tax for cars, registered before 1 January 2001, is calculated in function of the displacement volume.

The Government of Luxembourg has set up the premium CAR-e and the premium CAR-e plus funding schemas aiming to promote the CO2 reduction of car traffic. All actual information related to this incentive schema is available under www.car-e.lu. The premium e-CAR is a financial support of the state of 750 EUR, and is aimed at people who have purchased a car that fulfils the following CO2 emission limits/standards:

  • 120 g / km (160 g / km, under certain conditions, i.e. for NGV) when the car 31 July 2010 is registered for the first time.
  • 110 g / km (160 g / km, under certain conditions) when the car from 1 August 2010 is registered for the first time.

To get the benefit of the premium e-CAR the first registration of the cars in the following periods have been held:

  • Between the first June 2007 and 31 December 2010, when the owner is a "personne physique".
  • Between the first June 2008 and 31 December 2010, when the owner was a 'personne morale de droit privé ".

The premium is doubled to 1,500 EUR if the car's CO2 emission limit of 100 g / km does not exceed and is registered in the course of 2010 for the first time. For cars with a diesel engine, the premium e-CAR is only granted if the emission levels for particulate matter below 5 mg / km. A closed particulate filter is therefore essential. A latest modification on the schema reduces the threshold of CO2 emissions from 120g/km to 110 g / km as from 1 August 2010. The amount of 750 € will continue to apply, as the threshold of 160 g / km for large family cars, electric cars, hybrid or gas cars.

Luxembourg has a national incentive target for biofuel of 5.75% in 2010. A blending of fossil fuels with 2% biofuel is mandatory since January 2007.

Public Procurement of Clean Vehicles

There are no specific environmental standards or procedures for the vehicle procurement of public authorities. Article 4 of the actual Public Procurement Act states the principle of non-discrimination among contractors, suppliers and service providers and also provides that contracting authorities to set conditions to ensure special specifications, to consider problems related to environmental protection and promotion of sustainable development principles enshrined in the Treaty of Amsterdam. These however are very general terms given wide latitude to the contracting authorities. Contracting authorities may use prescriptions such as for example: description of the method of production and manufacturing, use of recycled products, recycling materials, prescription purchase food from organic production, or production of a fair trade, use of environmental labels and social criteria.

The public procurement is done by single institutions each applying own rules and standards. So far no joint procurement of vehicles in Luxembourg fostering the use of environmental friendly technology has taken place.

National Information Sources on Clean Vehicles

www.oekotopten.lu

the webpage is operated by the Mouvement Ecologique, the Ministry of Environment as well as the OekoZenter Lëtzebuerg a.s.b.l. The aim of the platform is to inform consumers about environmental friendly products including cars. The webpage includes a ranking of light vehicles with regard to their environmental performance. Furthermore, an overview of fiscal and non-fiscal instruments to promote clean vehicles in Luxembourg is given.

www.car-e.lu

webpage of the Luxemburg Government for the Prime Car-e and the Prime car-e plus initiative to reduce CO2 emission in road transport

Important Documents for Clean Vehicles